Aviation & Marine Engineering Case Study 2
Case Study: Cause of Aircraft Windshield Failure
The pilot of the aircraft reported that there had been a Failure at 27,000 ft. of the
interior lamination of the left hand windshield of a commercial aircraft. Trident was asked to determine the cause of the crack damage.
The obvious damage to the windshield is a densely cracked (diced) failure of the interior
glass lamination originating near the top centerline corner of the wind-shield. Photograph 1, below, provides an overall view of the left hand wind-shield.
Trident Engineering Associates, Inc. concludes to a reasonable degree of engineering
a. The cause of failure of the interior (innermost) glass lamination of the left hand (pilot’s) windshield was internal stresses which were concentrated at the top centerline corner of the windshield. The internal stresses caused a peel chip to form in the interior lamination of the windshield.
b. The overall crack failure of the windshield originated at the peel chip at the top
centerline corner. Subsequent stress-relieving resulted in the densely cracked failure of the tempered glass interior lamination.
c. There is no indication of foreign object damage to the outer surface of the windshield
as a cause of the failure, particularly since it is the interior lamination that has failed.
Trident’s analysis will allow Trident’s client to submit a claim against the manufacturer
(or installer) of this windshield, which has a value of around $40,000.